Friday, 27 April 2018

Back to reality: some things are impossible, and some best avoided

We had myths in the last post, now we get back to reality. Let us see what we have today:
  1. We start off with the "impossible things" sections, which begins with Sappho Edmonds 53, Lobel-Page 52, Campbell 52; this is a quote from Herodian, περὶ μονήρους λέξεως (On Peculiar Words), which goes «Σημειῶδες ἄρα τὸ οὐρανός, ὅτι ἤρξατο ἀπὸ φύσει μακρᾶς· Ἀλκαῖος δὲ εἰς ὧ ἀποφαίνεται τὸ ὄνομα – καὶ Σαπφώ· Ψαύειν δὲ οὐ δοκεῖ μοι ὠρανῶ δυσπαχέα» (οὐρανός, sky, is remarkable, because it begins with a [syllable that is] long by nature; Alcaeus sends the noun forth to an ω (i.e. starts it with omega, ὠρανός); and Sappho: I don't think I will touch the sky, ill-armed [as I am]; note: δυσπάχεα does not appear in Perseus, so I analyzed it as a negative prefix δυσ-, "ill-", "not well-", and πᾶχυς, "arm"); now that is inmetrical, so corrections must come in; Bergk 15 reads «ψαύην δ' ἐπε' οὐ δοκεῖ μοι / ὠράνω δυσπάχεα», thus making it part of a Sapphic stanza and keeping the omega start for "sky"; however, this version doesn't convince me, because it not only adds a word, but elides it in a weird way, cutting off half a diphthong which, in Sappho's time, was AFAIK read as a long monophthong; back in the days, I didn't even know the idea existed; then we have Edmonds 53, who emends the "sky" to starting with an omicron and δοκεῖ μοι to δοκίμωμι, as is now universally accepted AFAICT, but then ends the line with ὀράνω ἔσσα διπάχεα, showing some creativity; his version translates as «I don't think I will touch the sky, being two cubits [tall]»; then Lobel-Page (numbering it 52) emends in those ways and leaves δυσπάχεα as a locus desperatus, and in the critical note expresses doubts on the form ὀράνω and suggests that δοκίμοι μ' and other similar forms are possible; Campbell 52, finally, essentially has the same things, plus stating Bergk suggested δύσι πάχεσιν at the end, which probably happened in a different Bergk edition of Sappho, since the one I have definitely doesn't have such a suggestion; anyways, what I found was Campbell + δύσι πάχεσιν, which gives me a glyconian expanded with two dactyls, the same meter as Hector and Andromacha, rendered in exactly the same ways in the translations;
  2. We then have another impossible thing with Edmonds 72, Lobel-Page 56, Campbell 56; this is yet another quote, this time from Chrysippus' περὶ ἀποφατικῶν (On Negatives), which reads «εἰ Σαπφὼ οὕτως ἀπεφήνατο· Οὐδ' ἴαν δοκίμοιμι ecc» (If Sappho negated this way: [quotation]); so it appears the only correction to the manuscript tradition, already done in Bergk 74 and taken up by the other editions, was δοκίμοιμι -> δοκίμωμι; nothing to see here then; oh wait: Edmonds has σοφίᾳ and ποι in l. 2, while Lobel-Page and Campbell have τεαύταν in l. 3; whatever I chose was probably Greek Wikisource; the meter is the greater Asclepiad, rendered as 9+7 syllables with rhymes both internal and external in English and Italian (which is unlike the usual rhythm imitation practice which would lead to –u–uu– –uu– –uu–u–), and simply kept in Latin;
  3. Then we start the far more numerous advice section with Sappho advising her daughter not to lament (a death?); this is Edmonds 108, Lobel-Page 150, Campbell 150; this is a quote from Maxymus of Tyre's Orations, reading «Ἀναίθεται [ὁ Σωκράτης] τῇ Ξανθίππῃ ὀδυρομένῃ, ὅτι ἀπέθνησκεν, ἡ δὲ [Σαπφὼ] τῇ θυγατρί· οὐ γὰρ θέμις ἐν μουσοπόλων οἰκίᾳ θρῆνον εἶναι, οὐκ ἄμμι πρέπει τάδε» ([Socrates] was angry with Xanthippe for lamenting when he was dying; [Sappho] says to her daughter: it is not right that there be lamentation in a house that serves the Muses, this doesn't befit us»; apart from emending to Aeolic dialect (ἔμμεν) and introducing a potential (οὔ κ' ἄμμι πρέποι) at the end, Campbell doesn't change anything, leaving οἰκίᾳ as locus desperatus; he notes that Hartung suggested δόμῳ to fix the meter in l. 1, and that Lobel suggested swapping τάδε and πρέποι; this is indeed the only text difference between Campbell and Lobel-Page; Bergk 61 fiddles with the text, producing the lesser Asclepiads «Ἀλλ' οὐ γὰρ θέμις ἐν μοισοπόλῳ οἰκίᾳ / θρῆνον ἔμμεναι· οὐκ ἄμμι πρέπει τάδε»; Edmonds fiddles a little less: «Οὐ γὰρ θέμις ἐν μοισοπόλῳ οἰκίᾳ / θρῆνον θέμεν· οὐκ ἄμμι πρέπει τάδε», obtaining ionians a maiore by putting θέμεν for ἔμμεν and making a little fix in l. 1; this is essentially what I have, probably straight off Greek Wikisource; the meter is kept in Latin, and imitated as – –uu– –uu–u– in English and Italian;
  4. We go on with another «it is not right» (this time οὐδὲ θέμις) with Lobel-Page and Campbell 71; this is from P.Oxy. 1787 fr. 6 and an addendum from P.Oxy. XXI; I won't go into the details of the possible restorations given by Campbell and Lobel-Page, I'll just say I probably chose whatever Bibliotheca Augustana gave and translated it; note also that The Rest of Sappho, in fr. 6.A.v, has a fusion of this with some other fragments taken from an Italian anthology, might want to check that out too; the meter was supposed to be ionians a maiore again, same rendering as before;
  5. Next is a sorta-kinda piece of advice, if the restoration I adopted (probably from Bibliotheca Augustana) is correct; this is from P.Oxy. 1356 folium 4a, and is Lobel-Page and Campbell 139; the papyrus apparently reads «θέοιδ[...].νεσω.[...].τι̣καδακ[... / θ̣ε̣[.].[.]η̣λ̣[.]...[      ]ηλα[.......», so my restoration involves supposing a missing sigma in l. 1; the meter I saw was x–u–x–u–uu–ux, and that is what I kept or imitated depending on target languages;
  6. «May the gods immediately praise the tearless», said the previous fragment; so praise to someone who can control the outbursts of their sadness; and talking about outbursts, we move to Edmonds 137 Lobel-Page 158 Campbell 158, a piece of advice about controlling one's words during fits of anger; this is a quote from Plutarch, reading «Ἐν ὀργῇ σεμνότερον οὐδὲν ἡσυχίας οὔσης, ὡς ἡ Σαπφὼ παραινεῖ, σκιδναμένης ἐν στήθεσιν ὀργῆς πεφυλάχθαι γλῶσσαν μαψυλάκταν» (In times of anger nothing is more revered than silence, as Sappho advises: as anger spread through my heart I guarded my fast-barking tongue); the text in the quote is inmetrical and implying something to support that perfect infinitive; Bergk emends to μαψυλάκαν γλῶσσαν πεφύλαχθαι, fixing the meter but keeping the implied something; Edmonds emends to γλῶσσαν μαψυλάκαν πεφύλαχθε, fixing the implied something problem with a perfect imperative, but giving l. 2 a different meter than l. 1; Lobel-Page prints the quote text, adding that «recte monet Bergk infin[itivum] esse Plutarchi» (Bergk correctly warns that the infinitive is Plutarch's); Campbell, following Seidler (mentioned also by Lobel-Page) emends to μαψυλάκαν γλῶσσαν πεφύλαχθαι, which is probably the Bibliotheca Augustana text I translated, and has the implied something problem, but solves the meter problem; the Paracritical Note only notes the implied something problem; the meter I saw was –uu–x–uu–x, two adonians, and that is what I kept in Latin; the other translations use mere hendecasyllabics with rhymes; also, it seems I have a two anaclases, one double and one single, in l. 2 of the Latin version, which scans –uu–uu– – –u;
  7. We keep on the theme of rage with Sappho claiming she has a simple soul not prone to rage; this is Bergk 77, Edmonds 74, Lobel-Page and Campbell 120, and is a quote from the Etymologicum Magnum, reading «Ἀβακής· κέχρηται αὐτῷ Σαπφώ, οἶον· Ἀλλά τις οὐκ ἔμμεν παλιγκότων ὀργάνων ἀλλ' ἀβακὴν τὰν φρένα ἔχω, ἀντὶ τοῦ ἡσύχιον καὶ πρᾷον» (ἀβακής, "gentle"; Sappho used it thus: "But I am not one of those spiteful with rage, but I have a calm heart", instead of "silent and mild"); Bergk, Lobel-Page and Campbell correct the text the same way as me; Edmonds additionally emends παλιγκότων to παλίγκοτος, which is very sensible, but I keep the text I started from (probably Bibliotheca Augustana); the meter is xx–uu––uu–ux (lesser Asclepiad), and was kept or imitated;
  8. The next poem, in Edmonds' restoration which I took up, has a similar claim to the above; this is Edmonds 35 and Lobel-Page and Campbell 3, and is from P.Berol. 5006 (first 10 lines) and P.Oxy. 424 (the rest); given that I just took the notation from Bibliotheca Augustana and the restorations from Edmonds, I won't say what Lobel-Page and Campbell do; I just note that both sources have been transcribed, and that Diehl has a wholly different restoration, which I will, if I remember, report at the end of the post, with an English translation (not poetic); the meter is Sapphic stanzas, and is rendered as usual;
  9. The previous fragment, if Edmonds' restoration is correct, has καλοκἀγαθία (kalokagathia) expressed in the beginning, when Sappho says «κωὐ κάλων κἄσλων» (and not the handsome and good); this concept is very well expressed in Bergk 102 Edmonds 58 Lobel-Page 50 Campbell 50, a quote by Galen's Exhortation to learning reading thus: «Ἄμεινον οὖν ἐστιν, ἐγνωκότας τὴν μὲν τῶν μειρακίων ὥραν τοῖς ἠρινοῖς ἄνθεσιν ἐοικυῖαν, ὀλιγοχρόνιόν τε τὴν τέρψιν ἔχουσαν, ἐπαινεῖν καὶ τὴν Λεσβίαν λέγουσαν· Ὁ μὲν γὰρ καλὸς ὅσσον ἰδεῖν πέλεται, ὁ δὲ κἀγαθὸς αὐτίκα καὶ καλὸς ἔσται» (it is not better, since we know the time around 20 years of age is like spring flowers, and has short-lived enjoyment, to commend the Lesbian poet when she says: for he who is handsome stays [handsome] only when he is seen, but he who is also good will immediately also be handsome); the only controversy is how to fix the "[handsome]", that is, the fact that πέλεται seems to be missing a predicate noun; Bibliotheca Augustana follows Campbell and Lobel-Page in adding κάλος at the end of l. 1; Bergk adds ἀγαθός; Edmonds changes the line to «Ὀ μὲν γὰρ κάλος <εἴς κάλος> ὄσσον ἴδην πέλει»; in any case these are glyconians expanded with two dactyls, like Hector and Andromacha aka Sappho 44, and are rendered the same way; oh, according to the Paracritical Note we have the version κὔστερον ἔσσεται somewhere, perhaps TCPOS or Greek Wikisource;
  10. Speaking of καλοκἀγαθία (kalokagathia), we proceed with Bergk 83 Edmonds 100 Lobel-Page and Campbell 148, which expresses a similar concept, substituting handsomeness and goodness with money and virtue; I do not report the quote because it merely paraphrases the text; I do not discuss controversies because I only mention I took The Complete Poems of Sappho's l. 1, which carries out the easy fix to the meter there by adding τᾶς in front of ἀρέτας, and fiddled with l. 2 autonomously to reach the same meter while keeping the concept of the locus desperatus found in that line – I also got the alternate version ἀ δ' ἀμφοτέρων κρᾶσις ἔχ' εὐδαιμονίας τὸ ἄκρον; said meter is is ionians a maiore, kept or imitated in the translations;
  11. Talking about money, we move to an advice not to boast about a ring; this link is probably my fantasy, as the advice wasn't to boast about the richness of the woman's partner, but rather that he was going to marry her; in any case, this is Bergk 39 Edmonds 51 Lobel-Page inc. 5 v. 2 Campbell inc. 5(a), and it's a quote from Herodian (cfr. another fragment here) reading «Ἐφυλαξάμην δὲ διαλέκτους διὰ τόδ'· ἄλλ' ἄν μοι μεγαλύνεο δακτυλίῳ πέρι» (I went cautious on dialects because of this: but boast about a ring with me); Bergk removes the ἄν, Edmonds corrects it to ὂν like the others, Edmonds also doubles the nu in μεγαλύνεο and makes δακτυλίῳ into a genitive as the others; I honestly don't see why one should split τόδ' and get a locus desperatus with a weird δ' at the start of the line, instead of reading τόδ' and eliminating that problem; in other words, why should one create Campbell and Lobel-Page's problem instead of adopting Edmonds' solution? Because they didn't like an elision before a high dot, I assume; well I like a locus desperatus even less :); in any case, the meter is glyconians expanded with two dactyls, for which ditto to above; oh I also noticed the emendation of μοι to μὴ, which is decidedly appropriate, is there in Bergk, stops after Edmonds, and restarts in TCPOS or Bibliotheca Augustana; that is what I followed back in the days of translation;
  12. Speaking of rings and marriage, here comes a piece of advice: find a younger bride than me, for I am old; this is Bergk 49, Edmonds 99, Lobel-Page 121, Campbell 121, and is a quote from Strobaeus reading «Σαπφοῦς· Ἀλλ' ἔων φίλος ἄμμιν λέχος ἄρνησον νεώτερον οὐ γὰρ τλάσομ' ἔγω ξυνοικεῖν νέ' οὖσα γεραίτερα» (by Sappho: [quote]); now Bergk's emendation features a few correct corrections which were followed by others, but also νέῳ εὖσα, which features the non-Aeolic εὖσα (Doric only AFAIK), and was corrected by Edmonds to νέῳ ἔσσα, with synekphonesis, and also a smart fix in the ἄμμεσιν, which was doffed for some reason; Lobel-Page and Campbell read ἔοισα γεραίτερα, and that is what got to me, though Edmonds' version is closer to the tradition; if I were to work on this now, I'd go for «Ἀλλ' ἔων φίλος ἄμμεσιν / λέχος ἄρνυσο νεώτερον / οὐ γὰρ τλάσομ' ἔγω συνοί- / κην νέῳ ἔσσα γεραίτερα», but that is not what I did back then; I kept the Campbell text, except trying to get my glyconians back by splitting λέχος between lines and having ἄρνῡσο, which would be metri causa since the natural length is ἄρνῠσο; as glyconians, these are kept in Latin and imitated by –u–uu–u– in English and Italian;
  13. We end with a generic piece of advice: live quietly and don't mess around; this is Bergk 114 Edmonds 78 Lobel-Page 145 Campbell 145; it is a quote from a scholarly commentary on the Argonautics by Apollonius of Rhode, reading «χέραδες λέγονται οἱ σωροὶ τῶν μικρῶν λίθων - μέμνηται καὶ Σαπφώ· Μὴ κενὴ χεράδος (heaps of small stones are called χέραδες, "jetsam" – Sappho also remembers this: stir not the jetsam); I admit I took "jetsam" off Edmonds; another source for the same quote gives μὴ κίνει χέραδας, generating a controversy: χέραδος or χέραδας? The latter was chosen by Bergk and Edmonds, and I would choose it now as it looks like an accusative, while the genitive-looking former was Lobel-Page and Campbell's choice, for reasons I cannot comprehend; the meter is xx–uu–, a partial glyconian, and that was kept or imitated; I may have chosen the apparent genitive out of laziness, I don't remember;
  14. The above fragment is a nice summary to the next poem, which is far closer to us than all the above Sappho, both in time and in language; the post ends with Chaucer's Balade de bon conseyl, or Ballad of good advice, which definitely fits into this advice post, and is delightfully welcomed because it requires no critical note whatsoever :).
With all that done, let's get to the poems!

Ψαύην δ' οὐ δοκίμωμ' ὀράνω δύσ‹ι› πάχε‹σιν›.

Io non oso toccar colle mi͜e düe braccia͜ il ciel.

Οὐδ' ἴαν δοκίμωμι προσίδοισαν φάος ἀλίω
ἔσσεσθαι σοφίαν πάρθενον εἰς οὐδένα πω χρόνον

Credo͜ impossibil ch’una che      a ’l sol vedere vale
Possa͜ ancor ma͜i vantar per sé      abilità cotale
In qualche tempo.

οὐ γὰρ θέμις ἐν μοισοπόλων ‹δόμωι›
θρῆνον θέμεν· οὔ κ’ ἄμμι πρέποι τάδε.

Presso͜ un che le Muse serve non si pu͜ò
Far lamento; né a no͜i s’addice ci͜ò.

[. . . . . . οὐδὲ θέ]μις σε Μίκα
[. . ]ελα[ . . ] ἀ̣λ̣λά σ’ ἔγωὐκ ἐάσω
[… τὰ]ν̣ φιλότ[ατ’] ἤλεο Πενθιλήᾱν̣[
[. . . . . ]δᾰ κᾰ̣[κό]τροπ’, ἄμμα[
[. . . . . . . ] μέλ̣[ος] τι γλύκερον . [u–x 5
. . . . . . . ]α μελλιχόφων[ος –x
x–uu, – –u ἀεί]δει, λίγυραι δ᾽ ἄη[ται
. . . . . . . . . . . ] δροσ[ό]εσσα[–x]

[x–uu – –uu – né li]ce che tu, Mica,
[x–uu – –uu –] ma non ti lascerò [x
[x–uu – l]’amo[re]͜ ha͜i scelto delle Pentilée
[x–uu – –uu – –u] ma[li]gne, veste
[x–uu – –uu – –] qualche dolce can[to 5
x–uu – –uu – –] dalla dolce vo[ce
x–uu – –uu can]ta, e stridenti bre[zze
x–uu – –uu – –] rugi[͜a]dosa [–x]

θέοι δ’ [ἐπαι]νέσ‹σ›ω[σιν αὔ]τικ’ ἀδακ[ρυτον]
θε[. . .]ηλ[. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ]ηλα[

E chi non pi[ange] i divi [su]bito [lo]di[no]
x–u– x–u –uu –ux

σκιδναμένας ἐν στήθεσιν ὄργας
μαψυλάκαν γλῶσσαν πεφύλαχθαι.

Mentre la rabbia mi prendeva ’l cuore
Frenat’ho alla lingua ’l van clamore

xx ἀλλά τις οὐκ ἔμμι παλιγκότων
ὄργαν, ἀλλ᾽ ἀβάκην τὰν φρέν’ ἔχω. ux

xx non m’inasprisco nella rabbia i͜o,
No, ché l’animo mio semplice s’è. ux

. . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . ] δώσην. 4

Αἰ κλ]ύτων μέν τ’ ἐπ[πότεαι πεδ’ ἄνδρων
κωὐ κ]άλων κἄσλων, [νέπεις δὲ χαίρην
τοὶς φί]λοις, λύπης τέ μ[ε, σοὶ γένεσθαι
φαὶς ἔ]μ’ ὄνειδος, 8

ἦτορ] οἰδήσαις, ἐπὶ τα̣[ῦτ’ ἀρέσκε͜ο
καρδ]αν· ἄσαιο· τὸ γὰρ ν̤[όημμα
τὦ]μον οὐκ οὔτω μ[αλάκως χόλᾳ παί-
δων] διάκηται· 12

ἀλλὰ] μὴ̣ δ̣ό̣αζε· [γέροντας ὄρνῑς
οὐκ ἄγρη βρό]χ̣ις· συνίημ[’ ἔγω σε
οἶ πρὶν ἐσπό]λ̣ης κακότατο[ς, οἴῳ
δ’ ἀντετέθη]μεν 16

δαΐῳ. Σὺ δ’ ὦ]ν ἀτέραις, με[μήλων
λῳόνων, τίθ]η φρένας· εὔ[κολον γὰρ
νῶν τράφοισ]α̣ τοὶς μάκα[ρας σάφ’ οἶδ’ ἔ-
μοι παρέοντας.] 20

Ch’eg̣ḷị darà. 4

[Se] re[sta͜i co͜i no]bili, [non] co͜i buoni
Né co͜i [b]elli tu, ed a[uguri buoni
Agli͜ a]mici [dà͜i], e dolor [mi] doni
Poi ch’, [orgogli͜oso] 8

Fatto, [m]e tuo bi͜asimo [dici], [’l cuo]re
[Godati],͜ e si sazi, po͜iché [l’umore
Nero de͜i fanci͜ul] non ha nel [m]i͜o c[uore]
F[acile] sposo; 12

Dubbi non avere: [gl’uccelli vecchi
Trap]pola [non prende]; so cogl’orecchi
[A qual gra]nde male [se͜i giun]to,͜ [e͜ a me chi
È contrappo]sto, 16

[E qual si͜a; tu dun]que ’l tuo cuore mu[t]a
[Con migli͜ori] c[ure; po͜i ch’]i͜o, [cresciut]a
Po͜i [c’ho mente] se[mplice, so, m’aiuta
Ogni di͜o tosto]. 20

ὀ μὲν γὰρ κάλος ὄσσον ἴδην πέλεται ‹κάλος›,
ὀ δὲ κἄγαθος αὔτικα καὶ κάλος ἔσ‹σε›ται.

Chi bell’è, sol per farsi veder, ‹bello› resterà,
Chi͜ invec’anche buon’è, bello subito pur sa‹r›à.

Ὀ πλοῦτος ἄνευ ‹τᾶς› ἀρέτας οὐκ ἀσίνης πάροικος,
Τᾷ δ' ἀμφοτέρων κράσ‹εϊ› εὐδαιμονίας τό ‹γ’› ἄκρον

Il denaro senza ‹la› virtù non è sicur compagno,
L’uso di entrambi di letizi͜a ha sicur guadagno.

{δ’} ἀλλὰ μὴ μεγαλύν‹ν›εο δακτυλίω πέρι.

Ma tu non ti vantar dell’anello ch’al dito ha͜i.

ἀλλ᾽ ἔων φίλος ἄμμι λέ-
χος ἄρνῡσο νεώτερον·
οὐ γὰρ τλάσομ’ ἔγω συνοί-
κην ἔοισα γεραιτέρα.

Ma, essendomi ͜amato, tu
Prendi giovane sposa, orsù:
’Nfatti io non ti sposerò,
Caro, po͜i ch’i miei͜ anni ho.

μὴ κίνη χέραδος

Ghi͜ai͜a lasci͜a dov’è

Flee fro the prees and dwelle with sothfastnesse;
Suffyce unto thy good, though it be small,
For hoord hath hate, and climbing tickelnesse,
Prees hath envye, and wele blent overal.
Savour no more than thee bihove shal,
Reule wel thyself that other folk canst rede,
And trouthe thee shal delivere, it is no drede.

Tempest thee noght al croked to redresse
In trust of hir that turneth as a bal;
Gret reste stant in litel besinesse.
Be war therefore to sporne ayeyns an al,
Stryve not, as doth the crokke with the wal.
Daunte thyself, that dauntest otheres dede,
And trouthe thee shal delivere, it is no drede.

That thee is sente, receyve in buxumnesse;
The wrastling for this world axeth a fal.
Her is non hoom, her nis but wildernesse;
Forth, pilgrim, forth! Forth, beste out of thy stal!
Know thy countree, look up, thank God of al;
Hold the heye wey and lat thy ghost thee lede,
And trouthe thee shal delivere, it is no drede.


Therfore, thou Vache, leve thyn old wrecchedness;
Unto the world leve now to be thral.
Crye him mercy, that of his hy goodnesse
Made thee of noght, and in especial
Draw unto him, and pray in general
For thee, and eek for other, hevenlich mede;
And trouthe thee shal delivere, it is no drede.
Cǣlō tēndĕrĕ brāchĭă tāct’ ĕgŏ nōn cōnōr.

I dare not try to touch the big sky with my two small arms.

Nōn crēdō pŏtĭs ūmquām fĭĕrī lūcĕm hăbēnt’ ōclīs
Sŏlīs pu͞ellăm hăbēr’ ūllăm ĕām tēmpŭ’ pĕrītĭăm
Tālēm su͞am.

I think that ne’er a girl that look      upon the sun’s light does
Upon such skill will get to look:      this thing in no time was,
And in none will be.

Fās nōn ĕnĭm ēst po͞etăë̆ īn ‹dŏmū›
Quĕrī; nĕquĕ vōs hǣc dĕcĕānt quĭdĕm.

No lament’s allowed where a Muse-servant lives.
Nor to you as rightful any god this gives.

[x–uu – –uu –] tē [nĕquĕ] Mīcă [fā]s ēst
[x–uu – –uu sē]d nōn ĕquĭdēm sĭnām tē
Ămīcĭt[ĭām –uu] lēxtī tĭbĭ Pēnthĭlēăm
[x–uu – –uu – –u] mă[lī]gnă, vēstĭs
[x–uu – –uu] quīdām [uu] cān[tŭ’] dūlcĭs.
[x–uu – –uu –] vō[cĕ]quĕ dūlcĭ’ [–x
x–uu – –uu cān]tāt, strĭdŭlīquĕ vē[ntī
x–uu – –uu – –uu] rōr[ĕ] plēnă[

[x–uu, – –uu, – – and nor c]an you, Mica,
[x–uu, – –uu, – –u] but I won’t let you
[x–uu, –] you chose the friends[hip] of the Penthile͜an girls
[x–uu, – –uu, – –] ev’[li]sh [–u] dress [x
x–uu, – –uu] some sweet so[ng] [u, –u–x 5
x–uu, – –uu, – –u] the sweet-voic[ed –x
x–uu, – –u is sin]ging, and the screeching breezes
[x–uu, – –uu, – –uu] d[e]wy [–x]

[La͞u]dē[nt] dĕī nūllās qu’ hăbēt lăc[rĭmās stă]tĭm
x–u– x–u –uu –ux

And m[ay] th' Gods him who [sheds] no tea[rs very] quickly [pra]ise
x–u– x–u –uu –ux

Cōrdă rĕplēnt’ īrā rĕtĭnu͞issĕ
Īnmĕdĭtātă lătrāntēm līnguăm.

As rage was taking over all my heart,
I stopped fast-barking tongue’s noise’s a part

Ēxăcērbŏr ĕg’ īr’ ha͞ud, mĭhĭ sīmplĭcĕm
Mēntēm c’ īps’ hăbĕām. –uu–ux

xx I do not get stubborn in anger, no,
For the mind that I have simple is. –ux

Ēssĕ dătūrụ̆m. 4

[Sī vĭrīs nō]tīs [nĕquĕ sī b]ŏnīs tū
Ātquĕ pūlchrīs stā[squĕ, iŭbēs vălērĕ
Tu͞os ă]mīcōsqu’, āc mĭ[hĭ] dās dŏlōrĕm,
[M]ē [tĭbĭ dīcēns] 8

Rēprĕhēnsĭōnĭ’, [sŭp]ērbĭā, hī[s
Ga͞udĕāt cō]r; sē plĕăt; āc [mĭ]hī năm
Cō[gĭtāti͞o] sīc f[ăcĭl’] ha͞ud căpīt [bī-
lēm pŭĕrōrŭm;] 12

Dūbĭ’ ha͞ud hăbē: [lăqu]ĕūs năm [āvēs
Nōn căpīt sĕnēs; ĕgŏ tē] scĭō [quăm
Māgnă] māl[ă fēcĕ]rĭs [ātquĕ quāntŭm
Cōntr’ ĕgŏ pōn]ăr 16

[Hōstĕm. Ērgō] pēctŏră mūt[ă], cū[rās
Mēlĭōrēs dāns tĭbĭ;] sīm[plĭc’ īpsă
Mēntĕ āltā pērbĕnĕ sci͞o] bĕā[tōs
Mēcŭm ădēssĕ]. 20

[–u] will give. 4

[If with no]ble men, [not] with good or [n]ice
You do s[tay], and w[ish all your fr]iends [a nice
Time], and grief do give m[e, for, pr]oud, not wise,
You to me [say 8

I’ve become your] tell-off,[ your he]art [enjoy
All] th[is may;] and be satisfied; [a boy
Is m]y h[eart] not e[asily] made, [a boy
Raging away;] 12

Don’t you doubt [though: never did old a bird
By a tr]ap [get caught]; fully well [I’]ve heard
[How gre]at ill [you’ve come to, and ’tis not blurred
To me what foe 16

I’]ve [against; you there]fore, with be[tter care
In it,] chan[ge] your heart; [for, since I do bea]r
Easily [contempted a mind, th’ go]ds [bear
Help t’ me, I know]. 20

Vīsū, pūlchĕr ĭ’ qu’ ūnŭm ădēst, ĭtă sōl’ ĕrĭt,
Quī bōnū’st quŏquĕ, pūlchĕr ĕrīt stătĭm ētiăm ĭs.

He who’s beautiful, ‹beautiful› just to be seen will stay,
Who’s good too, he w‹il›l also be beautiful right away.

Āt dīvĭtĭǣ, vīrtŭs ĕīs nī, tĭbĭ dānt pĕrīclă;
Āt lǣtĭtĭǣ māgnŭm ădēst ūsŭ’ ĕārŭm āmbû̆m.

Money without virtue is indeed a very dang’rous neighbour,
But if you do use the two of them you’ll surely be much gayer.

Sēd nĕ tū glŏrĭārĕ vĕlīs t’ ănŭlō tŭō.

Don’t go round full of pride for the ring on your finger there.

Nōbīs sēd cŭm ămātŭ’ sīs
Spōns’ hăbē iŭvĕnēm tĭbī:
Nūbĕr’ ha͞ud pătĭār tĭbī
Ĕnīm, sīm sĕnĭōr c’ ĕgŏ.

But, beïng my beloved, to find
Younger wife than I am do mind:
I won’t suffer to marry you
For I’ve lived for years quite a few.

Glārĕām nĕ mŏvē

Leave the jetsam alone

Flee from the crowd and dwell with certainty;
Suffice unto thy good, though it be small,
For hoard hath hate, and wealth uncertainty,
Crowd has envy, and wealth deceives in all.
Enjoy no more than what befit thee shall,
Rule well thyself that other folk canst read,
And truth then shalt thee save, it is no dread.

Trouble thee naught all crooked to redress
In trust of it which turneth as a ball1;
Great slumber stays in little business.
Be careful not to kick against an awl,
Strive not, as doth the crock against the wall
Control thyself, that control others’ deed,
And truth then shalt thee save, it is no dread.

What thee is sent, get in submissiveness;
The fighting for this world asks for a fall.
Here is no home, here’s naught but wilderness;
Forth, pilgrim, forth! Forth, best out of thy stable!
Know thy country, look up, thank God of all;
Keep the high way, and let thy ghost thee lead,
And truth then shalt thee save, it is no dread.


Therefore, thou Vache2, leave thy old wretchedness;
Unto the world now stop your being slave.
Cry him mercy, that of his high goodness
Made thee from nothing, and in specïal
Draw unto him, and pray in general
For thee, and also all heavenly made;
And truth then shalt thee save, it is no dread.

1 bal, in middle English, indicated any round body; in this case, hir that turneth as a bal refers to the wheel of Fortune.
2 Possibly a courtier known to Chaucer who was out of favour for several years in the late fourteenth-century (Sir Philip de la Vache, 1348–c.1408).

Extras: alternate restoration of Edmonds 35 Lobel-Page 3 Campbell 3

[–u–x– δοκίμοις χάριν μοι
οὐκ ἀπυ]δώσην

[συμφ]ύτων μέντ' ἐπτ[ατόνοις λύραισι
καὶ κ]άλων κἄσλων ἐ[πέων ἀπέλλης
τοὶς φί]λοις, λύπης τέ μ[ε –u–x
εἰς ἔ]μ' ὄνειδος.

[–u] οἰδήσαις ἐπί τ' [u–x
–u]αν ἄσαιο· τὸ γὰρ [νόημμα
τὦ]μον οὐκ οὔτω μ[αλάκως πρὸς ὄργαν
σὰν] διάκηται.

...]. μη̣δ̣ [...
[–u–x– you would refuse] to give
[me your favour.

You summoned those d]ear to w[ords
b]orn [for] seven-noted lyres, beautiful and good,
and of sorrow m[e …
to m]y reproach.

[–u] change to [u–x
–u] satiate yourself: for my [thought
does not so s[oftly] indulge
[to its rage.]

...]. nor(?) [...

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