Friday, 29 December 2017

Leopardi, the moon, and a hedge

You may already be wondering: Leopardi is Italian, so why is this post in English? Well, we've been on the moonlight theme lately, so it's a good place to have "Alla luna", by Leopardi, which I translated to both English and Chinese back in like Summer 2012, then I revised the Chinese on Dec 19 2017, and further revised it on Dec 26 2017 in the afternoon. Same goes for L'infinito, a far more well-known poem by Leopardi, which I thought wise to include in this post, to avoid either a completely out-of-theme post with just that or a post with just that to be placed who knew where. Writing this draft in the afternoon of Dec 29 2017 brought a couple extra tweaks: 在这些植物来沙沙 => 在这些植物中沙沙, and 而现在活着/的而它的声音。我思想这样 => 而现在活的/而他的声音。我的思想这样. Also, at some point, I changed "And sweet to me is shipwreck in this sea" to the present last line of the "infinito", I have no clue when though. So let's jump in!


O grazïosa luna, io mi rammento
Che, or volge l’anno, sovra questo colle
Io venia pien d’angoscia a rimirarti:
E tu pendevi allor su quella selva
Siccome or fai, che tutta la rischiari.
Ma nebuloso e tremulo dal pianto
Che mi sorgea sul ciglio, alle mie luci
Il tuo volto apparia, che travagliosa
Era mia vita: ed è, né cangia stile,
O mia diletta luna. E pur mi giova
La ricordanza, e il noverar l’etate
Del mio dolore. Oh come grato occorre
Nel tempo giovanil, quando ancor lungo
La speme e breve ha la memoria il corso,
Il rimembrar delle passate cose,
Ancor che triste, e che l’affanno duri!
O moon so full of grace, I can recall
That I, one year ago, upon this hill,
With anguish full, oft came to gaze on you:
And you did hang upon that forest then
As you do now, enlightening it all.
But cloudy then, and trembling for the tears
That rose upon my brow, unto my lights
Thy visage did appear, for full of grief
My life was then: and ’tis, nor changes style,
O my belovèd moon. And yet ’tis good
For me to that recall, and count the age
Of my great grieving. O how pleasing is
In the young age, when still a journey long
One’s hope doth face, a short one memory,
The reembodying of past events
However sad, with trouble still alive!

哦最优美的月亮,我好记得
我一年以前在这座小山上
内心充满着痛苦常来看妳:
妳也曾悬挂在那个森林上,
跟现在一样完全地阐明它。
但妳的脸为在眉头上出现
的泪水对我眼目那时显得
浑浊和颤抖,因为我的生活
充满痛苦:还这样,全没改变,
噢我亲爱的月亮。不过回忆
以及把我痛苦的时候数数
使我心情更好。哦在小时候,
当希望还能走长路,而回忆
还包围不太长的一段时候,
记得过去总使人多么愉快,
虽然记得还正继续的伤心。
Ó zuì yōuměi de yuèliàng, wǒ hǎo jìdé
Wǒ yī nián yǐqián zài zhè zuò xiǎoshān shàng
Nèixīn chōngmǎnzhe tòngkǔ cháng lái kàn nǐ:
Nǐ yě céng xuánguà zài nà ge sēnlín shàng,
Gēn xiànzài yīyàng wánquán de chǎnmíng tā.
Dàn nǐ de liǎn wèi zài méitóu shàng chūxiàn
De lèishuǐ duì wǒ yǎnmù nà shí xiǎndé
Húnzhuó hé chàndǒu, yīnwèi wǒ de shēnghuó
Chōngmǎn tòngkǔ: hái zhèyàng, quán méi gǎibiàn,
Ō wǒ qīn'ài de yuèliàng. Bùguò huíyì
Yǐjí bǎ wǒ tòngkǔ de shíhòu shù shù
Shǐ wǒ xīnqíng gèng hǎo. Ó zài xiǎoshíhòu,
Dāng xīwàng hái néng zǒu cháng lù, ér huíyì
Hái bāowéi bù tài cháng de yī duàn shíhòu,
Jìdé guòqù zǒng shǐ rén duōme yúkuài,
Suīrán jìdé hái zhèng jìxù de shāngxīn.
哦最优美的月亮,我好记得
我一年以前在这小山之上
心充满大痛苦时常来看妳:
妳又曾悬挂在那个森林上,
跟现在一样完全阐明着它。
但妳的脸为在眉头上出现
的泪水对我眼目那时显得
浑浊和颤抖,因为我的生活
充满痛苦:还这样,全没改变,
噢我亲爱的月亮。不过回忆
以及把我痛苦的时候数数
使我心情更好。哦在小时候,
当希望还能走长路,而回忆
还包围不太长的一段时候,
记得过去总使人多么愉快,
虽然记得还正继续的伤心。
Ó zuì yōuměi de yuèliàng, wǒ hǎo jìdé
Wǒ yī nián yǐqián zài zhè xiǎoshān zhī shàng
Xīn chōngmǎn dà tòngkǔ shí cháng lái kàn nǐ:
Nǐ yòu céng xuánguà zài nà ge sēnlín shàng,
Gēn xiànzài yīyàng wánquán chǎnmíngzhe tā.
Dàn nǐ de liǎn wèi zài méitóu shàng chūxiàn
De lèishuǐ duì wǒ yǎnmù nà shí xiǎndé
Húnzhuó hé chàndǒu, yīnwèi wǒ de shēnghuó
Chōngmǎn tòngkǔ: Hái zhèyàng, quán méi gǎibiàn,
Ō wǒ qīn'ài de yuèliàng. Bùguò huíyì
Yǐjí bǎ wǒ tòngkǔ de shíhòu shù shù
Shǐ wǒ xīnqíng gèng hǎo. Ó zài xiǎoshíhòu,
Dāng xīwàng hái néng zǒu cháng lù, ér huíyì
Hái bāowéi bù tài cháng de yīduàn shíhòu,
Jìdé guòqù zǒng shǐ rén duōme yúkuài,
Suīrán jìdé hái zhèng jìxù de shāngxīn.
哦最优美的月亮,我才记得
我一年以前在这小山之上
充满极度痛苦常来看见妳:
妳又曾悬挂在那个森林上
同就像此刻,并满的阐明它。
但妳的脸为在眉头上发现
的泪水对我的眼目看起来
混浊和颤抖,因为我的生活
充满痛苦:还是,并不变做法,
哦我亲爱的月亮。不过回忆
以及把我痛苦的时候数数
为我是好。哦多么的喜欢的
在年轻时候,当希望还把长
的旅行,回忆把短旅行拥有,
给过去的出来事新的身体,
虽然很悲伤,并痛苦还持续!
Ó zuì yōuměi de yuèliàng, wǒ cái jìde
Wǒ yī nián yǐqián zài zhè xiǎoshān zhī shàng
Chōngmǎn jídù tòngkǔ cháng lái kànjiàn nǐ:
Nǐ yòu céng xuánguà zài nàgè sēnlín shàng
Tóng jiùxiàng cǐkè, bìng mǎn de chǎnmíngzhe tā.
Dàn nǐ de liǎn wèi zài méitóu shàng fāxiàn
De lèishuǐ duì wǒ de yǎnmù kànqǐlái
Húnzhuó hé chàndǒu, yīnwèi wǒ de shēnghuó
Chōngmǎn tòngkǔ: hái shì, bìng bù biàn zuòfǎ,
Ó wǒ qīn’ài de yuèliàng. Bù guò huíyì
Yǐjí bǎ wǒ tòngkǔ de shíhou shùshù
Wèi wǒ shì hǎo. Ó duōme de xǐhuan de
Zài niánqīng shíhou, dāng xīwàng hái bǎ cháng
De lǚxíng, huíyì bǎ duǎn lǚxíng yǒngyǒu,
Gěi guòqù de chūláishì xīn de shēntǐ,
Suīrán hěn bēishāng, bìng tòngkǔ hái chíxù!




Sempre caro mi fu quest’ermo colle,
E questa siepe, che da tanta parte
De l’ultimo orizzonte il guardo esclude.
Ma sedendo e mirando, interminati
Spazi di là da quella, e sovrumani
Silenzi, e profondissima quïete
Io nel pensier mi fingo; ove per poco
Il cor non si spaura. E come il vento
Odo stormir tra queste piante, io quello
Infinito silenzio a questa voce
Vo comparando: e mi sovvien l’eterno,
E le morte stagioni, e la presente
E viva, e ’l suon di lei. Così tra questa
Immensità s’annega il pensier mio:
E ’l naufragar m’è dolce in questo mare.
This solitary hill to me has been
Forever dear, like this hedge, which doth close
So great part of the last horizon’s sight.
But sitting here and watching, in my thought
Beyond it endless space, and over-human
Silences, and the deepest quiet e’er
I for myself create; for little there
My heart gets not a fright. And as the wind
I hear a-rustling ’midst these plants, I do
Compare that silence infinite with this
Voice: the eternal comes then to my mind,
Along with the dead seasons, and the present
And living, and its sound. And thus in this
Immensity my thinking mind doth drown:
And sweet to me’s to sink among these waves.

我从来爱这座孤单的小山
以及这道树篱,因为它隐藏
最后的地平线很大的部分。
但坐着凝视着,在我思想里
为自己创造在它的那边的
无边的空间和超人的沉默
和最深的平静;而我的内心
在那儿几乎惊慌;而听到着风
在这些植物中沙沙,把那个
无边无际的沉默比作这里
的声音:永恒就入我思想里
跟已死去的时期而今活着的
而它的声音。我的思想这样
在这段无根无边中来溺水。
入这沧海里是甜蜜的下沉。
Wǒ cónglái ài zhè zuò gūdān de xiǎoshān
Yǐjí zhè dào shùlí, yīnwèi tā yǐncáng
Zuìhòu de dìpíngxiàn hěn dà de bùfèn.
Dàn zuòzhe níngshìzhe, zài wǒ sīxiǎng lǐ
Wèi zìjǐ chuàngzào zài tā de nèibiān de
Wúbiān de kōngjiān hé chāorén de chénmò
Hé zuìshēn de píngjìng; ér wǒ de nèixīn
Zài nàr jīhū jīnghuāng; ér tīngdàozhe fēng
Zài zhèxiē zhíwù zhōng shāshā, bǎ nà ge
Wúbiān wújì de chénmò bǐ zuò zhèlǐ
De shēngyīn: Yǒnghéng jiù rù wǒ sīxiǎng lǐ
Gēn yǐ sǐqù de shíqí ér jīn huó de
Ér tā de shēngyīn. Wǒ de sīxiǎng zhèyàng
Zài zhè duàn wú gēn wúbiān zhōng lái nìshuǐ.
Rù zhè cānghǎi lǐ shì tiánmì de xiàchén.
我一直曾爱孤单的这小山
以及这个树篱,因为它隐藏
最后的地平线很大的部分。
但坐着凝视着,在我思想里
为自己创造在它的那边的
无边的空间和超人的寂静
和最深的安静;而我的内心
在那儿几乎惊慌;而听到着风
在这些植物来沙沙,把那个
无边无际的寂静比作这里
的声音:永恒就入我思想里
跟已死去的时期而今活着
的而它的声音。我思想这样
在这段无根无边中来溺水。
在这沧海里为难为我甜蜜。
Wǒ yīzhí céng ài gūdān de zhè xiǎoshān
Yǐjí zhè ge shùlí, yīnwèi tā yǐncáng
Zuìhòu de dìpíngxiàn hěn dà de bùfèn.
Dàn zuòzhe níngshìzhe, zài wǒ sīxiǎng lǐ
Wèi zìjǐ chuàngzào zài tā de nèibiān de
Wúbiān de kōngjiān hé chāorén de jìjìng
Hé zuì shēn de ānjìng; ér wǒ de nèixīn
Zài nàr jīhū jīnghuāng; ér tīngdàozhe fēng
Zài zhèxiē zhíwù lái shāshā, bǎ nà ge
Wúbiān wújì de jìjìng bǐ zuò zhèlǐ
De shēngyīn: Yǒnghéng jiù rù wǒ sīxiǎng lǐ
Gēn yǐ sǐqù de shíqí ér jīn huózhe
De ér tā de shēngyīn. Wǒ sīxiǎng zhèyàng
Zài zhè duàn wúgēn wúbiān zhōng lái nìshuǐ.
Zài zhè cānghǎi lǐ wéinán wéi wǒ tiánmì.
我一直曾爱孤单的这小山
以及这个把最后的地平线
的这么大的部分藏的树篱。
但坐着凝视着,把无边无际
的空间在它的那边和超人
的寂静和最最深深的安静
思想之中创造;并那里几乎
我心在很害怕。并当我听到
风在这植物中的沙沙,把那
无根极大的寂静比作这里
的声音:永恒又来我头脑里
和曾死亡的时期和此刻的
生活的和它音。这样在这个
无边无际中我的思想淹死:
并海难为我在这海是甜蜜。
Wǒ yīzhí céng ài gūdān de zhè xiǎoshān
Yǐjí zhè ge bǎ zuìhòu de dìpíngxiàn
De zhème dà de bùfèn cáng de shùlí.
Dàn zuòzhe níngshìzhe, bǎ wúbiān-wújì
De kōngjiān zài tā de nà biān hé chāorén
De jìjìng hé zuì zuì shēnshēn de ānjìng
Sīxiǎng zhī zhōng chuàngzào; bìng nàlǐ jīhū
Wǒ xīn zài hěn hàipà. Bìng dāng wǒ tīng dào
Fēng zài zhè zhíwù zhōng de shāshā, bǎ nà
Wúgēn jí dà de jìjìng bǐzuò zhèlǐ
De shēngyīn: yǒnghéng yòu lái wǒ tóunǎo lǐ
Hé céng sǐwáng de shíqí hé cǐkè de
Shēnghuó de hé tā yīn. Zhèyàng zài zhè ge
Wúbiān-wújì zhōng wǒ de sīxiǎng yānsǐ:
Bìng hǎinàn wèi wǒ zài zhè hǎi shì tiánmì.

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